The MIPAS HOCl climatology
- author: Von Clarmann, T., Funke, B., Glatthor, N., Kellmann, S., Kiefer, M., Kirner, O., Sinnhuber, B.-M., and Stiller, G. P.
Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 1965-1977, doi:10.5194/acp-12-1965-2012
- date: 2012
Monthly zonal mean HOCl measurements by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) are presented for the episode from June 2002 to March 2004. Highest molar mixing ratios are found at pressure levels between 6 and 2 hPa, whereby largest mixing ratios occasionally exceed 200 ppt. The mixing ratio maximum is generally at lower altitudes in the summer hemisphere than in the winter hemisphere except for chlorine activation conditions in polar vortices, where enhanced HOCl abundances are also found in the lower stratosphere. During nighttime the maximum is found at higher altitudes than during daytime. Particularly low values are found in subpolar regions in the winter hemisphere, coinciding with the mixing barrier formed by the polar vortex boundary. The Antarctic polar winter HOCl distribution in 2002, the year of the split of the southern polar vortex, resembles northern polar winters rather than other southern polar winters. Increased HOCl amounts in response to the so-called Halloween solar proton event in autumn 2003 affect the representativeness of data recorded during this particular episode. Calculations with the EMAC model reproduce the structure of the measured HOCl distribution but predict approximately 40 % less HOCl except during polar night in the mid-stratosphere where calculated HOCl mixing ratios exceed observed ones.